FACTS ON OCEAN PLASTIC POLLUTION
HUMANS ARE THE CAUSELand-based near coast human dispersal account for approximately 80% of ocean plastic pollution, globally.
EXCESS PLASTIC PRODUCTIONOver 220 million tons of plastic are produced each year.
PLASTIC EVERYWHEREPlastics can contribute to reduce our carbon footprint. They provide improved insulation, lighter packaging, are found in phones, computers, medical devices, etc. but appropriate disposal is often not addressed.
PLASTIC OCEANSFive trillion individual pieces of plastic are estimated to be floating in our ocean, weighing a total of over 268,000 tonnes.
RECOVERY IS POSSIBLESeven of the EU Member States plus Norway and Switzerland recover more than 80% of their used plastics. These countries adopt an integrated waste and resource management strategy to address each waste stream with the best options. However, waste and disposal remain an issue in most of the world.
MICRO-PLASTICSOnce discarded, plastics are weathered and eroded into very small fragments known as micro-plastics. These together with plastic pellets are already found in most beaches around the world.
MARINE LIFE IMPACTPlastic debris causes the deaths of more than a million seabirds every year, as well as more than 100,000 marine mammals.
THE 5 GYRESPlastic materials and other litter can become concentrated in certain areas called gyres as a result of marine pollution gathered by oceanic currents. There are now 5 gyres in our ocean.
GREAT PACIFIC GARBAGE PATCHThe North Pacific Gyre, known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, occupies a relatively stationary area that is twice the size of Texas. Waste material from across the North Pacific Ocean, including coastal waters off North America and Japan, are drawn together.
PLASTIC IS A COMMODITYPlastic to fuel technology proves that plastic can be converted back to fuel. A change in perception about plastic as waste, could help change the way we dispose of it.
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